Monday, March 17, 2014

Snoopers and Rag Draggers, Joe on The 'Canal, The 38th, Thankin' Frank, and Some Spooks

Heading Off a Relief Tube Entry at the Pass

Sometimes we do really bone-headed things around here; the Best Laid Plans, etc, etc. That was the case in this instance, when we completely gomed up (or, with the rag-draggers, simply didn't insert) the unit identifications for those A-26 photos you'll see below. If you're looking at this issue for the first time it really won't matter, so you can just pretend you never read this. If you did read it before you might want to read it again, because we corrected the photo captions which, in our minds, precludes any necessity for putting an additional correction here. Many thanks (and sincere apologies!) to John Horne for pointing out our errors!

Put a Little Love in Your Heart

We've all seen it. With any luck we haven't actually done it ourselves (or, more importantly, to others!), but we've all seen it in action far too many times. It's unkind. It's rude. It's arrogant. And it's entirely unnecessary to life as we know it.

What am I talking about this time, you might logically ask. What's got me up on my soapbox again, ranting and raving for all to see? Why, it's The Arrogant Internet Know-It-All, of course! You've seen it before (but hopefully not on these pages) and, unfortunately, you'll probably see it again. Let's discuss the situation.

In the pre-Internet world most publications had a letters-to-the-editor section so readers could write in with their comments or opinions on things a given periodical might have put into print. Back in those days letters got reviewed by an editor, who checked them over not only for grammatical and spelling errors but also for content and also, somewhere in the process of editing, chose which ones would find their way to ink on paper in the next issue. The Internet isn't like that, by and large, because a whole lot, maybe even most, of the e-zines and blogs out there allow their readership to voice their opinions by means of a forum of one sort or another, generally moderated by someone connected in some official manner with the site in question. Said moderator gets to be the referee, for want of a better term, and gets to try to keep things informative and relatively civil. Unfortunately, since there are generally a whole bunch of people writing in and just one or two moderators, things can sometimes go off in a direction entirely unintended by the staff of said site.

On any given day I probably drop in on a half-dozen or so modeling-related boards to see what's going on in the polystyrene world. It's a good way to learn new techniques, gain a fresh insight into things I thought I had figured out a long time ago, and just have some enjoyable time reading the comments of people I don't actually know but have come to look on as electronic friends because I enjoy reading what they write. I think that's what the folks who put forums on their sites intended when they did it, and I applaud their efforts and good intentions.

Unfortunately, those good intentions are often run aground by the efforts of a class of folks we'll call The Dreaded Internet Experts, those people who know everything and want to make certain that you, along with everyone else, know that they know it. Their expression of thought ranges from comments as simple as "we discussed that 3 pages ago (Weren't you paying attention, Dummy?!)" to out-and-out accusations of whatever it is the accusations are about this time ("Hey, everybody---look at me! I'm really smart but that guy's a moron!").

Here's the deal, or at least the deal as I see it. People who don't know things write into those web forums to ask questions so they can learn. Sometimes the questions don't seem too well-founded, it's true, but it's fair to presume that somebody didn't know something and thought somebody on whatever-forum-they're-reading could help them with the answer. That seems fair enough to me, and I honestly can't see belittling such people or jumping down their throats when they commit the unforgivable transgression of asking a "dumb" question; all that sort of thing does is make the person making the comment look bad in the eyes of their peers. They might be right in what they're saying, and their comment might be well-founded, but it's also rude. It's probably better to not say anything than to jump down the throat of a total stranger because they didn't know the answer to something.

Why, you might say, does this matter? To me the answer is simple: Every year we get more and better kits, and decals, and references, and on and on it goes, but a lot of that is because those of us who grew up with plastic models have aged to the point where we can afford at least some of those increasingly expensive toys. Sooner or later we'll age to the point where we can't see well enough to model anymore, or no longer have the eye-to-hand coordination that's necessary for such things. One way or another we're all going to leave the hobby, and I'm not convinced there are all that many people coming up who care about plastic scale modeling the way a lot of us do. With that as a premise, why would we want to risk driving people away from the hobby because we can't control our egos on an electronic forum? Wouldn't we want to help those folks out so they'll become more involved, and maybe bring in a friend or two with them? Wouldn't increasing numbers give us a shot a more new kits, and references, and so on and so forth, while we're still able to enjoy them?

I think there's an obvious lesson to be learned from all this, both in scale modeling and in the other aspects of our lives. A question you don't like doesn't have to be a challenge, and an answer you don't agree with doesn't have to be an affront to your very being. It might be easier to just try to get along with the other guy.

I rest my case.

Some Different Invaders

Some things are seminal in our lives; people, places, things, or events that bend a twig and shape a future. For us, one of those seminal instances was a Thing, the Monogram B-26 Invader (Kit # P6 or PA6 depending on how old you are). "Lil Nell", as was boldly emblazoned on its nose, was The Big M's first plastic model airplane kit, originally appearing in 1955 and staying in production until 1970 or so. We built it for the first time in 1957 and were, as were so many kids of the 50s, immediately stricken by the airplane's appearance. That model triggered a personal love affair with the A-26 that's lasted to this very day. We're guessing that a lot of our readers share the same passion, and maybe even for the same reason. There's a caveat, though. There always is.

In this case the caveat is the mission the airplane was used for; the A-26 (later B-26, after Martin's medium bomber of the same designation had left the inventory shortly after the conclusion of the Second World War) being primarily thought of as an attack aircraft and bomber. That was, after all, its designed role, and it's how the vast majority of them served in three wars. That's why those of us with a specific seniority on life fell in love with that Monogram kit, right? Right!

OK then, consider this point, if you will. The Invader served from the waning days of WW2 right up through the greater part of the Vietnam War as a light bomber, an attack bomber, and an interdiction platform, but the basic airframe was a versatile one that lent itself to tasks other than those we most often associate with the type. In later years, while in service with the ANG, it sprayed mosquitos over American cities and served as a fast VIP transport. From the end of the Second World War until the final days of its career it served as a target tug and, for a brief period of time during the Korean War, as an electronic warfare platform. Thanks once again to John Horne, we're going to spend a few minutes exploring those particular missions as they were flown by the Douglas A-26. Let us proceed:

Here's a fine example of a rag dragger. The aircraft is an A-26C-50-DT and is shown here during its target towing days with the USAF, while flying with Det 1 of the 4th TTS out of Larson AFB in Washington ca. 1953/54. Those black nacelles are fairly common on the A-26 family, serving to both reduce glare and hide all the gunk thrown off by the engines. She ended up a survivor on the American civil registry, a fate shared by a great many Invaders---you can thank those years as a target tug and hack for their survival.   Campbell via J Horne Collection

Target tugs tended to be extremely colorful in The Silver Air Force, as typified by this ramp shot of the 5th TTS' Det 1 at Sculthorp in 1955/56. It's interesting to note that there are three B-26s in this photo and they're all painted differently! Two are B-models and one is a Charlie; as a rag dragger it didn't matter whether the airplane had a gun nose or not.   Campbell via J Horne Collection

And here's a detail shot of the badge that's on the first bird in that ramp shot. It's American nose art at its best and we presume, but are not certain, that it's the squadron emblem for the 5th---our archives don't include target towing units! Reader comments are invited at .  Campbell via J Horne Collection

The next few shots will help explain why we're so impressed with John Horne's collection. These RB-26Cs (44-35825 and 44-35909) were assigned to the 11th TRS, 67th TRW, and were photographed on the ramp at Kimpo late in 1953, and were tasked with monitoring WarPac, Chinese, and North Korean gun laying radars. The paintwork is a little unusual on the closest of these aircraft; the propeller warning stripes and buzz numbers are outlined in white. Check out the lumps and bumps on those airplanes!   Bowlus via J Horne Collection

Here's a paint scheme you don't see every day!  The aircraft is 44-35555, also on the ramp in Kimpo late in 1953. She's wearing a white-trimmed prop warning stripe, a pair of gas bags trimmed in red, and silver trim on her aft nacelles! She's not festooned with the shapes found on some of the 11th's other aircraft, but that paintwork more than makes up for it!   Bowlus via J Horne Collection

How about a better view of that chin pod to end our essay with? "Snooper" pretty much sums up the mission of the 12th and does it with considerable humor. She's yet another RB-26C, and she posed for this portrait in late 1953, shortly before the cessation of hostilities. The natural metal prop hubs and blades are of interest, as are the details of the chin and ventral antennae covers---we'll publish a rundown of what they are in a later issue.     Marios via J Horne Collection

Before He Was a Governor

Joe Foss led a long and distinguished life, Governor of North Dakota, first president of the American Football League, president of the NRA, a general in the Air National Guard, and a broadcast announcer on television. Those accomplishments, taken all by themselves, would qualify him for lasting fame, but there's more to the story than that. Joe Foss was a Marine aviator during the Bad Old Days of 1942 and flew with VMF-121 out of Henderson Field on Guadalcanal. The 26 kills he achieved while there won him the Medal of Honor, while his stay in the Solomons gave him a case of malaria and a trip back to the States. He was back in the saddle again by 1944, commanding VMF-115 out of Emirau, where he relapsed into a second case of malaria. He was the Real Deal, an all-American boy doing his duty in a crummy war and thriving on the experience, and his exploits, both on and off the battlefield, are the stuff of legends.

Publicity photos don't get much more contrived than this one is; a stoic Joe Foss stands over an empty ammo can while a pair of Navy (not Marine) ordies show him what a belt of .50-cal looks like. The premise is a silly one at best, but it showed the folks back home what their boys were doing, even if the view was somewhat whimsical. America needed heroes in 1942, and Joe Foss was the genuine article, a skilled and capable aviator with exceptional gunnery skills and more than a small amount of intestinal fortitude to back it all up. We strongly suspect this photo was taken after his return to the ZI from the Solomons but it really doesn't matter; no amount of staged photography could diminish Joe's accomplishments.  Rocker Collection

Many thanks to Bobby Rocker once again, and a special thanks to the guys who stood up when the going was toughest. We owe them.


That's not how North American Aviation's B-25 Mitchell started out, but by early 1943 the aircraft had morphed into a strafer of the highest order. The concept began with the operators in General George's air force, who required more punch than existing bombardment types could provide given the 5th Bomber Command's evolving mission as a low-level strike force. Those early field mods eventually led to the production of dedicated strafers straight off the production lines. The photos you're about to view chronicle a brief capsule of that evolution, with aircraft provided courtesy of the 405th BS, 38th BG.

A classic strafer! 41-12905 was a B-25C attached to the 405th BS of the 38th BG during 1943 and 1944. She was eventually written off in an accident but was in her prime when this photo was taken---North American fabricated a number of gunship conversions and shipped them to the SWPAC, and this aircraft has had one installed. The C and D models weren't quite as impressive as the 8-gun purpose-built J-models that were to follow, but they were capable enough and could certainly get the job done, as the scoreboard on 905's nose attests.
J Watson Collection

Here's another view of a North American-kitted Mitchell from the 405th. The four-gun nose was perfectly adequate for the job, particularly when combined with the package guns mounted to the sides of the fuselage. In this form the B-25 was a superb destroyer of airfields and a ship killer without equal. Note the dragon's head and sharkmouth presentation on this aircraft and compare it to that of 12905 above. They were all hand-painted and no two were exactly alike.   J Watson Collection

Somewhere along the way somebody decided that if machine guns in the nose were good, a cannon would be that much better. The idea led to the installation of a 75mm M4 howitzer in the nose, loaded by the navigator. It must have seemed like a good idea at the time, but in the reality of combat operations it was a dismal failure. Slow to load and difficult to aim, the gun was removed early on and replaced by a pair of .50 caliber machine guns firing through a modified cannon port, weapons that were far more useful in the B-25's strafer role. This aircraft is a B-25H and is shown on the ramp on a typical SWPAC airfield. The post visible above the nose of the aircraft is part of the aiming system for the guns---we hesitate to call it a gun sight. In this configuration the G and H-models were every bit as effective as their more "normal" brethren in combat.  J Watson Collection

Coming home! 12905 settles in after an early 1944 mission in the Philippines, with no apparent combat damage. In theory things were easier by 1944, but the 5th's strafers fought a hard war and took losses right up until the end. This photo makes it all look easy. It wasn't.   J Watson Collection

Such a Simple Idea

As you've all been reminded far more times than you would like, I've been building plastic model airplanes most of my life. My progression of skill sets has probably been the one most of you have followed as well; glue-smeared rough assemblages of parts replaced by tidier assemblages of parts, which in turn were replaced by tidy assemblages of puttied and sanded parts. Those puttied and sanded assemblages, which more or less resembled an airplane to one extent or another prior to painting were, at one point in our modeling careers, the arrival point, the goal, the end game. Everybody knew, and most people still know, that you build up a model, than paint it, decal it, weather it, and put it on the shelf. That's the way you do it (although you don't get money or chicks for free). That's the way I used to do it too, but not any more. I've had an epiphany, if you will, and I'd like to share it with you.

It all started during a visit to Frank Emmett's place a couple of years ago. The spouses were safely ensconced in Frank's living room doing whatever it is spouses do when they're ensconced someplace, while he and I were back in his airplane room talking about, what else---airplanes---when I noticed Frank's project of the moment sitting there on his workbench. At this remove I honestly can't remember what he was building, although that really doesn't matter. What does matter is the way he was building it.

Remember that part way up there in the first paragraph where I said that we all learned to build up a mostly homogeneous airframe before we began to paint and decal. Well folks, Frank wasn't doing it that way. Nope; he had a fuselage all built up, painted and decalled and sitting next to a wing assembly in the same approximate condition. I noticed what he was doing and the light bulb went on!

Back in those prehistoric times us old guys sometimes refer to as "The Day" it was necessary to build up a kit into something that more-or-less represented the finished model before we could begin any sort of finishing processes such as painting. It was a defense mechanism, since most of those older kits didn't fit worth a damn and a fair amount of sanding and puttying, followed by even more sanding and puttying, was pretty much the order of the day. That all began to change back in the 90s, and today's modern kits, the mainstream ones anyway, generally go together pretty darned well. Think about that for a minute. How many kit reviews have you read where the writer said he or she didn't use any putty and did very little sanding? The answer, increasingly, is A Lot, and that answer takes us to my epiphany. Think about it for a minute---it's often easier to paint and decal a fuselage by itself, without other big pieces stuck to it to get in the way, and since most of the big pieces on a great many kits now go together with little need for bodywork, the next step is obvious: Build the thing in modules!

Here's a prime example of what we're talking about. Yes, you've seen some variation of this photo once before, but you get to see it again because it proves the point. The kit is the Hasegawa 1/32nd scale Ki-44, a fairly recent kit that fits together like the proverbial glove. That fuselage was done as an assembly and then painted with a Tamiya rattle can and decalled, after which the horizontal stabs were added. The wings were done the same way, although the Hinomarus and Home Defense bands were masked and painted on both the fuselage and the wings---no stickies there! Painting those insignia, plus the red tail and the anti-glare panels, would have been a royal pain in the patootie if the airplane was all put together in one big honkin' piece, but doing it this way turned what could have become a major hassle into a cakewalk. Doing the model in subassemblies made the project an easy one. Think about it for a minute---if you don't need putty on a particular kit before you paint it, why would you need to be concerned about addressing seams afterwards? Can you spell Brilliant? (We're describing Frank, not me...)

And here's the same approach taken on an Eduard Bf109E. Some reviewers have given this kit a bad rap for fit, but it just ain't so! If you read the instructions and exercise a little basic care the kit will simply fall together. You need to keep in mind that the technique only works if the kit's pieces fit together on natural panel lines copied from the real aircraft, but if you've got a kit that does that you're Golden! This is such a simple idea. Why didn't we hit on it before now? Shazbot!

The point is this: You will have to be extremely careful doing your final assembly and be prepared (and brave enough) to do a little touch-up if necessary once everything's together, but you'd probably have to do that anyway. It's a given in our hobby. Not every kit is well enough engineered to allow you to use this technique, but most of the newer ones are. A great many of Hasegawa's kits, as well as Tamiya's and Eduard's, tend to fall together without much hassle if you're careful when you do your initial assembly, which makes the technique viable in the extreme. You probably won't want to try it with very many of the current crop of Chinese kits (although they're getting better with every new release) and you definitely can't do it with the short-run stuff, but there are a whole lot of kits out there where the technique works just fine. You really ought to give it a try some day. You just might be amazed at how things turn out.

Oh yeah; we'll tell Frank you said thank you!

Scary Airplanes

Or not, but any way you cut it it's a fact that the Late Lamented McDonnell Aircraft Company/McDonnell Douglas used to name their fighters after ghostly apparitions and other scary things. We're big fans of Things Naval around here, and therefore fans of those McAir fighters by default. That makes it an easy jump into today's last photo essay. There's no rational here except that Mark Nankivil recently sent in a couple of really neat photos and we wanted an excuse to share them with you!

It was big (really big) and it was loud, and the guys who flew it were lucky indeed that they never had to go to war in it, but McDonnell's F3H Demon was also one seriously good looking airplane, as illustrated by this ramp full of VF-131 F3H-2s. We think that's a section from VF-31 parked in the background but aren't 100% certain and will patiently wait for the e-mails confirming or correcting same! That address is .   Greater St Louis Air and Space Museum via Mark Nankivil

Unlike a great many of its late 50s/early 60s contemporaries, the Demon spent quite a bit of time on the boat, and we're sure you've all heard the term "bolter" as applied to carrier operations. This photo shows what one looks like from the V-1 Division's perspective. A bolter was an event to be remembered in the early jets thanks to a distinct lack of available thrust---even though the F3H had an afterburner this sort of shenanigan was guaranteed to get the driver's attention, as well as that of the guys in the catwalk. Note that on this airplane, at least, the interior of the gear doors is solid Insignia Red in its glossy iteration. It's not just a job...   Greater St Louis Air and Space Museum via Mark Nankivil

The F3H came on line during the primordial days of the fully-operational air-to-air missile. This photo shows an early F3H-2M undergoing trials with AIM-7 Sparrows on the rails. Those early AIM-7s weren't particularly effective, but neither was the Demon. During those formative years of the missile-armed interceptor their value lay in the experience they provided to the NAV in terms of all-weather (sort-of) operations. They honestly weren't much, but they paved the way for Better Things.   Greater St Louis Air and Space Museum via Mark Nankivil

Here's one of those Better Things we mentioned up above. McDonnell got close with the F3H, but were severely handicapped by lack of an appropriate powerplant. The Demon's successor had no such issues, and it's safe to say that the company knocked one out of the park with the follow-on aircraft, the F4H-1 Phantom II. It was, to put it mildly, one of The Great Ones; an iconic aircraft that was designed for Fleet defense and ended up performing just about every mission that can be flown by a fighter. It was everything the Demon couldn't be, and more. It was the stuff of legend, but it owes a lot of its fame to its also-ran older brother. Fly Navy!   Greater St Louis Air and Space Museum via Mark Nankivil

Happy Snaps

Since we're already doing a Navy thing today, let's crank in a product from the Grumman Iron Works for our parting shot:

Rick Morgan took this evocative study of 161242 from VAQ-133 near Republic, Washington, in March of 1992. EA-6B replacement is underway as this is written, with final operations scheduled for 2015, but the EA-18G Growler has got some big shoes to fill. Those guys over in Bethpage knew how to build an airplane! Rick Morgan

The Relief Tube

It's been at least two issues since we last ran this part of the blog, so it's probably time to get back into the game. We're only going to run a couple of things this time since we're essentially playing catch-up, so without further ado:

A couple of issues ago we ran a photo of an A/F-18F submitted by Kolin Campbell and identified the place as being a cold, wintery one, probably because that's how the weather was around here. In fact we were about as wrong as wrong could be, as explained by Kolin:

Although the F/A-18F photo makes it appear cold out there, it sure wasn't! Photo was taken during the early summer, which at China Lake means hot. The white areas on the ground are desert minerals or salts. The 'lake' visible is Searles Lake, located near the town of Trona, CA. China Lake airfield is to the west, not visible in the photo. It can get cold in the winter, though. Kolin

Thanks, Kolin!

And finally (we told you this would be a short Relief Tube!), here's a photo to end the day with. It's from The Greater St Louis Air and Space Museum courtesy of Mark Nankivil, and we're running it in an unadulterated form (that means no watermark) as a special treat for our readers.

For the love of flying. 'Nuff said!    Greater St Louis Air and Space Museum via Mark Nankivil

And that's it for this issue. Be good to your neighbor and we'll meet again real soon!

Sunday, March 2, 2014

Stickies for Your Jug, and Some Special Invaders

A Waste of Money?

Or, Why in the World Do We Buy All That Aftermarket, a Conundrum in Various Parts. That's right, Aftermarket; all those photo-etch sheets, resin bits, vacuum-formed transparencies, and other doohickeys that we all just can't seem to live without. It's a thriving and often helpful market that caters to the more advanced (read Not an Absolute Novice) scale modeler. The whole concept feeds into a notion that our hobby likes to call AMS, which is short for Advanced Modeler Syndrome but which could just as easily be known as Additional Model Stuff, which could also morph into AHUMS, or Additional and Highly Unnecessary Model Stuff. I fully realize that I'm flying right in the face of conventional scale modeling wisdom here, but stay with me for a moment if you will and I'll explain why I'd advance such a heresy.

Ever since there's been plastic scale modeling there's been an ongoing quest for better, more accurate kits. It's been a constant struggle since, with each passing year, technology has allowed the cutting of finer and more accurate molds (presuming, of course, that the data used to cut said molds was correct in the first place), which in turn resulted in better, more accurate kits. Still, the kit manufacturers could only do so much in the way of what they offered because tooling costs had to be kept reasonable in order to allow the production of kits that you and I could actually afford to buy. There was, still is, and probably always will be room for improvement, and that's where the aftermarket guys come in.

There are three different ways aftermarket serves our hobby. One is that of the correction set which, in theory at least, fixes known problems with a specific kit so those of us who want the thing to actually look like what it's supposed to can get there without having to resort to scratchbuilding. Another is the conversion set which again, in theory if not always in fact, allows us to convert a given variant of whatever-it-is-we're-building into a different (and hopefully accurate) variation of same. The third kind of aftermarket, and the one we suspect most scale modelers use most often, is the simple detail set of either the resin or photo-etch variety. All have their place in our hobby but all have their pitfalls as well.

There are two essential problems that we confront when we use, or want to use, aftermarket. The first is simple accuracy---there are correction/conversion/detail sets out there that are no better than and, in many cases are actually worse than, the kit parts they're trying to correct. The second is modeler's greed caused by advertising---the siren call of those bagged chunks of detailed resin or color printed photo-etch that just sit on your local dealer's shelf calling out "Buy me, I'm cool!". That call is often hard to resist, even though the parts in question may not be all they should be.

Then there are another couple of issues that really sully the water. First, the modeler has to have skill sets that will allow proper use of said aftermarket but skill sets come with experience, and a lot of new modelers buy into the whole aftermarket thing a little earlier than they might really want to given their level of expertise. It's a learning experience and there's no better way to learn than to do, but doing that can sometimes be frustrating for the New Guy or Girl. The second thing is so obvious and basic that it's almost laughable, except that so many folks can't quite figure it out---it's quite often impossible to even see all that extra detail that went into the kit once the aftermarket has been added! You know it's there, and your friends will all shake their heads knowingly saying things like "that's really cool" while they're actually thinking "I can't see a darned thing in there!". It's a "what's the point" kind of deal.

I know people who actually buy every bit of aftermarket they can find for any given kit they may be working on and incorporate it into their model whether they need it or not (and, more importantly, whether it's actually accurate or not). It's a norm and it's automatic. I used to do that too, until I discovered that Aftermarket wasn't always the salvation it was cracked up to be. My first epiphany came when I was building a 1/48th Tamiya Bf109E-4, using an Eduard Zoom set to spruce up my cockpit, and discovered that they'd printed all the colored cockpit panels in what amounted to a shade of Baby Blue instead of the presumed RLM66 dark grey. The second epiphany came when I was working with another Eduard product, their 1/48th scale Bf109E-4 plastic kit, which came with an instrument panel decal that looked every bit as good as the optional photo-etch they'd provided for the same part. The final blow came from the folks over at QuickBoost, who's replacement cowling for Eduard's Fw190 family of kits theoretically simplified construction but didn't address the incorrect (read nonexistent) slope on the top of said cowling. Since the kit component is easy to construct in the first place and the new cowling didn't actually fix the problem, it was a piece of aftermarket that served little purpose.

So what's the Bottom Line? Is there a point to all of this? The simple answer is Yes, there is, but it's with a caveat. It's my firm belief that Aftermarket still has an important place in our hobby and I continue to buy it, but I try to take a long hard look at what I'm buying first. If it's not an actual improvement on a kit component, or doesn't improve the appearance of the finished model or isn't accurate, then it really isn't worth having. AMS isn't, in my world at least, a justification for throwing away money.

Just Sayin'.

What Happened to the Blog a Couple of Weeks Ago?

If you're a regular here, and if you were on line at the right time a couple of weeks ago, you may have seen a blog installment briefly appear on your confuser, only to disappear again a few moments later. Here's what happened. I had written an opening editorial, but only that, and was in the process of saving it when I apparently (I don't think I did it but then again I must have) hit the "publish" button instead of the one that says "save". Once I realized what I'd done I went back into the blog to undo the mischief, which resulted in a false indication that something had been published---in truth something had been, but I deleted it almost immediately. My gratitude is extended to the several readers who contacted me to let me know there was a problem; it seems we're beginning to turn into a family of sorts and I appreciate that sort of feedback. Thanks, ya'll!

Some Decals You Might Want

If you've been in the hobby for very long you know Nor Graser, even if you don't think you do. Back in what we might call The Day he was the guy who created the artwork and instructions for our friends over at MicroScale, making it a better than even shot that you've got some of his artwork residing on several models in your collection right now this very minute.

That was then. Nowadays Nor is manufacturing his own line of decals called Thundercals and dedicated to, what else; the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt in WW2. They're done in 1/48th, they're printed by Cartograph, and they're exquisite. Let's take a look.

P-47D Razorback Thunderbolts PTO Pt 1 is the first sheet in the series and covers two aircraft,"Bouncin Betty", a P-47D-20-RA of the 19th FS/318th FG as flown by Lt Albert Schaffle out of Saipan in 1944, and "Passionate Patsy", a P-47D-15-RA of the 310th FS/58th FG at Saidor, New Guinea, as flown by Lt Ralph Barnes.

 Pt 2 ups the ante to three different aircraft: "The Witch", a P-47D-21A as flown by Lt Durwood Williams of the 318th FG during their 1944 period at Wheeler Field, "Fiery Ginger IV", Neel Kearby's P-47D-4-RA when he was assigned to V AF Fighter command (and flying with the 348th FG out of Saidor), and "8-Ball", a P-47D-20-RA, also from the 318th, as flown by Lt Ken Elender out of Saipan in 1944.

Pt 3 is unique in this grouping in that it's dedicated to one of the Fifth AF's lesser known units, the 58th FG. It covers three aircraft; Capt LeeRoy Chadwell's "My San Antonio Rose" from the 310th FS, Lt David Batey's "Slick Chick" from the 311th, and Capt Harry McMullen's "The Golden Gopher" from the 69th FS.

Accuracy is a high point of all of these decals. Nor is a P-47 scholar of sorts and holds extensive photo files on the type, which means that all of the aircraft covered are well documented in pictures; there are no conjectural schemes presented here. The schemes presented are all colorful and desirable from a modeler's point of view, and their production by Cartograph ensures that they're thin and well-printed. It helps to have your own references for the markings you choose to use, since some of the smaller decals don't have placement instructions (and placement instructions are important because you can actually read those decals---put a glass on them if you don't believe us!)

Thundercals in action! Here are a couple of examples of how they look on plastic. "Slick Chick" and "The Golden Gopher" sit here in all their glory. Both were built by Mike Hanlon, photography provided by Thundercals. These models make a written review of the decals almost superfluous.

Here's a final shot to prove the point, "My San Antonio Rose" as built by 58th FG historian and modeler Frank Emmett, who assisted Nor with many of the details of the 58th group aircraft on these sheets. Nor does good work, I think.

As a final note, I liked the decals enough to start a P-47 of my own, Kearby's "Fiery Ginger IV" (one of several "Fiery Ginger IV"s and the one he met his death in). It's presently far enough along to have its paint and decals applied and it's turning out quite nicely, thank you---I'm very happy with the results and am now a fan of Thundercals!  (One thing you ought to know about "Fiery Ginger IV" that's covered on the decal sheet but bears repeating anyway: The real airplane was a P-47D-4-RA, which means she had the original "square" cowl flaps all the way down both sides of the cowling. The Tamiya kit only provides the later style of cowl flaps so you'll have to do a little bit of scratch-building (not all that hard) or turn to aftermarket for the correct pieces. If you go the aftermarket route you have two choices; QuickBoost and Loon. Of the two, the QuickBoost component is marginally too short when installed on the model and is tricky to fit, while the Loon offering is a simple and accurate drop-fit with no issues. You pays your money...)

We don't know what's next from Thundercals, but we really hope it's more PTO "Jugs". Whatever it is, we anticipate the product to be well worth your while. These sheets certainly are.


A Few More Invaders

Last time around we ran a batch of A-26 shots from reader John Horne, who's Invader collection just may be unmatched in terms of content. Coincidental to that, Doug Barbier sent along a group of A-26 images he'd recently uncovered and that nicely complimented the shots John had provided. We're going to feature those A-26 images today. They were all taken by Robert Lubic, a gunner in the 13th BS's "Miss Chadwick", and provide us with an interesting look into a bygone era.

A profile, if you will. 44-34386 is from the 13th BS/3rd BW at K2. She's armed up (rockets and nape on the external stations, and she's undoubtedly got a belly-full of nastiness as well) and taking on gas prior to another sortie. She went MIA on a mission in November of 1951 and was never accounted for.  Lubic via Barbier

Gettin' ready for the boogie. Last time we ran a shot from John Horne's collection where we commented, incorrectly as it turned out, that one of the aircraft was evidently getting ready for an air show of some sort since she had a pile of ordnance neatly stacked in front of her. As it turns out, that was normal practice in PACAF (and probably elsewhere) and simply reflected the ordnance load for that aircraft prior to bombing up. With that as a premise, all of the diorama-building scale modelers out there ought to be jumping up and down over this shot---we're excited about it!  Lubic via Barbier

Second verse, same as the first, mostly. We're running this not because we're fans of redundancy, although there are those who would dispute that statement, but rather because it provides us with another way to load those pallets. (It's a Brand New Aftermarket Segment, by Golly; somebody can provide us with highly detailed better-than-what-isn't-even-in-the-kit resin pallets! What a concept! And what a neat idea for somebody---how about some 1/48th scale wooden pallets in resin, Aftermarket Guys?)  Lubic via Barbier

OK, here's your test for today: How can you tell if a bombed up A-26B has hot guns or not just by looking at the airplane? If your answer was "Look for the hot guns sign" you win the prize. This ratty-looking Invader is carrying 500lb GP bombs on her inboard stations, and we're willing to bet there's a load of 2.75" HVARs on her outboards, but there aren't many obvious ways to tell if a gun is charged. One of the safest ways is to put a sign someplace on the airplane so people can see it, as has been done here. It's one of those neat concepts that's hard to believe just because it's so simple, but it obviously worked for the 3rd.  Lubic via Barbier

Here's yet another way you can load those pallets that some enterprising aftermarket guy will produce for us some day. We should've run it up there with the other ordnance shots but we forgot to, and our experience in moving things around within the blog has been somewhat problematical in the past, so we're just sort of sticking it in here. Laugh at us if you want, but you need to see this photo. You really do!  Lubic via Barbier

And now back to our regularly scheduled programming. This airplane is carrying a whole lot of Bad News for the folks on the receiving end of things, and that's not even counting the load that's hidden in the bomb bay. Although all of these Invaders have the WW2 6-gun nose, plus another 6 .50s in the wings, a number of A-26s were converted over to the glass-nosed C-configuration by the end of the war. The muzzle flash off those Brownings was significant in daylight and blinding, as well as highly disorienting, at night; too much of a Good Thing, as it were...   Lubic via Barbier

If it goes up it will inevitably come back down. 44-35280 suffered this belly landing in late 1951 but was apparently repaired to fly and fight another day---she doesn't show up on any loss records at any rate. She's a Charlie-model and still carries guns in her dorsal turret, not always the norm where Korean War A-26s are concerned. Note that port-side prop appears to be natural metal too; it shouldn't be, but it sure looks like it is! Just when you think you've got things figured out...   Lubic via Barbier

And here's another view of 35280 which clearly shows the starboard prop in "normal" coloring. A number of  glass-nosed A-26s used by the ANG during the early 50s had a couple of .50s mounted on the sides of the nose, and this aircraft appears to be an early example of that configuration. This aircraft was built as an A-26C-30-DT so the glass nose is original to the airframe. We're not so certain about that gun port, though.   Lubic via Barbier

This otherwise-unidentified A-26C wasn't so lucky. The damage to the airframe is significant enough to result in her being scrapped out, although we don't know if that's what happened. She appears to have been a C-model, and we sure hope nobody was riding in the nose when this happened. It could have been Korea, or the SouthWest Pacific, or Western Europe; it really didn't matter. There were no easy days.   Lubic via Barbier

It all seems so serene and peaceful, at least until you notice what's under the wings. A comprehensive history of A-26 ops in the Korean Peninsula is well beyond the scope of this simple blog, but it's a history that's well worth reading. Think about it; those guys went out day after day, night after night, and in the face of considerable opposition from the Bad Guys. That's not even taking into account the fact that most A-26 operations were flown at low level, and often in less than ideal weather. We owe those guys.   Lubic via Barbier

We've got more A-26s yet to come, so stay with us if you're interested in the type. (And somebody make sure to tell Maddog John Kerr that we're featuring his favorite airplane for the next couple of issues. We promise he'll thank you!)

Under the Radar

Or in this case not really, but we're going to look at a couple of long out-of-print titles you really ought to have in your collection if you happen to be a student of the SWPAC, or if your interests run to the JNAF or IJAAF. The younger members of our audience will be excused for the inevitable comments they'll have regarding these titles but both were seminal in their day and raised the bar considerably in terms of Japanese aircraft camouflage and markings of the Second World War.

Japanese Army Air Force Camouflage and Markings World War II, Donald W. Thorpe, Aero Publishers 1968, 202pp, Illustrated.

Japanese Naval Air Force Camouflage and Markings World War II, Donald W. Thorpe, Aero Publishers, 1977, 192pp, Illustrated

First, let's talk about what these books aren't. They were both considered definitive studies when they were first released, with the JAAF title achieving almost mystical status from the moment of its release, but both are lacking by today's standards. There are a lot of omissions and a fair amount of accurate information that's incomplete because of the amount of information that's available to the contemporary researcher. For a brief time both were considered to be the standard references for their particular topics, but a single visit to the J-Aircraft website will show even the most casual of readers how dated the books have become. That's the bad news.

As for the good news, there's plenty of it. Don Thorpe was interested in Things Japanese long before most western aviation enthusiasts caught the bug, and he was methodical. We actually read where somebody on one of those I-know-everything-there-is-to-know-and-I'm-going-to-tell-you-about-it modeling boards commented that the books were worthless because they didn't include the latest iteration of whatever it was that individual was interested in. That person obviously didn't have a clue, because before The Thorpe Books there was virtually nothing on Japanese aircraft camouflage and markings in the English-speaking world. Nothing. Nada. Zip. Don Thorpe put it all together, the best he could, using the resources that were available to him at the time. Those paper-bound volumes literally contained all there was to know about Japanese colors and markings at the time of their publication, and they set the tone (and the bar) for all that was to follow.

So what's our point? It's a simple and basic one; by researching, writing, and publishing these two volumes, Don Thorpe surpassed all that had come before and set the standard for all that was yet to come regarding the topic. The world has changed significantly since 1977, when the second book in this set first saw publication, and it's true that neither title would be considered a go-to reference nowadays. Their influence cannot be underestimated, however; nor can the contribution to the scholarship of Things Japanese. The photographs published in both tomes have become old hat, but they were mostly exciting and new way back then. The color profiles included in both volumes are crude by today's airbrushed standards, but they set the standard when the books were published.

There are some books you need to have in your collection just because you need to have them. These books fall into that category. They don't show up all that often any more, but if you can find a set you might want to consider getting them. Once you've done that, get yourself a cup of coffee, pull up a chair, and enjoy what was once the Best of the Best. Somewhere in there you might consider tipping your hat to Don Thorpe too. He set the pace for a lot of what we now take for granted, and he set a pretty high standard in the process.

Thanks, Don!

Happy Snaps

Last time around we ran a photo of a really spiffy F/A-18F courtesy of Kolin Campbell.That Super Hornet was one of several shots Kolin shared with us. Here's another:

Is this pretty or what? The aircraft is an F-15C Kolin shot during an ACM det to Eglin back in 2008. We're guessing the serenity of this shot was misleading since Kolin was, after all, on an ACM hop when the photo was taken, but this image belongs on a high-end calendar or wall print. Well done, Kolin, and thanks for sending the photo to us.  Kolin Campbell

The Relief Tube

Of which we aren't doing one this time around. I know, I know...

Thanks for dropping in, and we'll see you again soon. In the meantime, be good to your neighbor. It's the right thing to do.


Sunday, February 2, 2014

No Easy Days, A Nifty Sabre Kit, Dogs and Masters, and Those Other Guys

A Rebirth of Enthusiasm

Have you ever been stuck in a rut? More specifically, have you ever been stuck in a rut of the modeling persuasion and, more specifically than even that, have you ever been stuck in a modeling rut and not realized that you were? Well, folks, that's where we, or more specifically I, spent most of last year. Two Bf109Es, an Me109F, and a quartet of Fw190s, all from the Eastern Front, managed to add themselves to the collection during the course of 2013---all Luftwaffe aircraft and all representing operations in one specific geographic location. I had a great deal of fun building them and was, for the most part, happy with the way those models came out, but there was a catch; to wit:

It was pretty obvious that my modeling world was narrowing down considerably. It's true that I started that T-6 a while back, but it's been languishing on the shelf, ready to go into Corrosion Control for a paint job, for the past 8 months or so. There's a mostly completed A-4E that's been sitting there a whole lot longer than that (I started it way back when I started this blog!), and that Albatros DV I keep mentioning that only needs a little bit of touch-up and rigging to be complete, but none of those things are sitting on the display shelf at the moment. They're all works in process. What actually did get done, and all that got done, was a bunch of Second World War German stuff. I was in a rut.

Late last year, while in the throes of looking for yet another Eastern Front German aircraft to build, I had an epiphany (today's word) and drug out the fairly recent Hobby Boss FJ-4B kit, which resulted in the articles you've been following for the past couple of issues (you have been following them, right?). It got itself both built and finished (mostly, since I never completely finish anything), and is sitting on display as I type these words. That inspired me to drag down a Hasegawa F-104C kit and start on it, which resulted in a SEA "Zipper" from the 479th TFW being added to the collection---all it needs is to have the canopy painted and attached and a little bit of touch-up and it's done, and that particular project caused me to venture into the out-building Jenny likes to refer to as The Hangar and drag out a Monogram F-4D that I built way back in the 1980s and begin restoration work on it, which in turn caused me to pull out the Academy F-86F kit and begin work on it too. I was, and am, on a roll---all of these things have transpired over the course of the past three weeks! I managed to loft the front wheel out of that rut, to use a term from my motocross days, and move on to Other Things, specifically American jets. (That's where the original Replica in Scale hung its hat, if you recall, which means that the project has come full circle, sort-of.)

There's something else to be considered here too. A couple of months ago Doug Barbier was chiding me about mostly building shake-and-bake Japanese kits of recent manufacture instead of the tougher, but often more interesting, kits of the 80s and 90s---specifically the classic Monogram "Century Series" kits. He was right; those Hasegawa and Eduard Luftwaffe birds were easy dates in the truest meaning of the word. I could've built them in my sleep. The Fury was a lot tougher than those kits, and Some Modeling Skills were definitely required. The F-104 was a slam-dunk, of course, but the F-86 is causing me to clean out the cobwebs and remember how we used to do things back in The Good Old Days when there was more to modeling than careful assembly, and the restoration of that Phantom has become a minor challenge all its own. And you know what? I'm having some serious fun with all this! I had to drag decals out of the spares box for the FJ and deal with a very slight mod of the basic kit, and it was fun. It's been forever since I've built anything that was representative of USAF involvement in The Late SouthEast Asia War Games, so I had to mix the two greens since we live out in the country a great many miles from the nearest hobby shop and I wanted to paint the airplane in colors I didn't have on hand---so mix the two greens I did, and it was fun. I'm correcting small things, adding details where needed, and polishing the airframe on that F-86 so I can make it all shiny and silver, and that's fun too.

Fun. Isn't that why most of us got into this hobby? That's the reason I started doing it, way back when I was five or so years old; because it was fun. Fun's why I've stayed with it all these years, and fun's why I still do it, except that I wasn't having nearly as much of it as I used to (remember that part way up at the beginning about being in a rut?). A simple change of focus made things all better for me, and made the hobby fun again. I'm really digging on those jets, ya'll!

So what's really going on here? Did I simply change out my hobby fixations and move from one area to another? No; I don't think so, because I've also been arguing with the AmTech Hs123 which is, if you recall, the old Esci offering reborn. It's on hold at the moment because I'm building American jets instead of German fighters and fighter-bombers but I'll get back to it some day, just like I'll get back to doing some more airplanes from The Great War. I think the point to be taken is that we should all move around a little within the hobby and do things that aren't necessarily a primary interest for us. Look on it as a hobby within a hobby, if you will. It worked for me, so there's no reason it shouldn't work for you too---it's definitely worth a shot and I'll bet it ups the Fun Factor for you just like it did for me.

You can thank me later.

None of It's Safe

"It", of course, being military aviation. As enthusiasts and modelers we all tend to look at the glamorous side of things but rarely, if ever, give a thought to the more mundane side of the picture. A lot of us tend to read about, and build models of, fighters and fighter bombers, bombers, and other related examples of airborne death and destruction, but it's a rare modeler indeed who spends much time messing around with the far more mundane military transport.

With that as a premise, we're going to rely on the good graces of historian Mark Morgan and share some official USAF images of transports with you today. You'll notice a trend to those photos right away, but we've never been shy about stating the (extremely) obvious so we're going to let the cat out of the bag and tell you that all of them depict what happens when things go wrong in aviation. It's worth remembering that the guys who fly and crew the transports and tankers have a job that's every bit as risky as that performed by the ostensibly more glamorous fighter jocks.  Let's take a look.

42-72614 was a C-54D that came to grief at Isachsen Air Station in Canada's NorthWest Territory, the first of three crashes she was ultimately involved in. There's propeller damage on numbers 2 and 3 engines, but the accident appears to have been a straight-up nose gear failure. The airplane was perfectly repairable and it's doubtful that there were any injuries aboard; if you have to prang an aircraft, this is the way to do it.  USAF via M Morgan

In contrast, C-54E 44-9066 bellied in at Resolute Bay with the result you see here. We suspect crew injuries were minimal, but with the wing spars broken the airplane was a write-off. The photo lends credence to the old adage about any landing you can walk away from, but it's not the preferred method of arrival.  USAF via M Morgan

When the airframe ends up looking like this there's a really good chance somebody got hurt. The aircraft is, or at least was, a C-82A (42-57798), and she's at rest on Resolute Island. We could make jokes about the affinity for transports wanting to prang on that particular piece of real estate but there's no humor to be found in an airplane crash. Things could be worse, it's true, but this is bad enough.   USAF via M Morgan

Here's another C-82A. The aircraft is 48-0572 and she's down hard at Isachsen, where she crashed on takeoff in 1949. We have no idea what caused this particular event but the airplane's a total write-off. One thing's for sure: Bad weather combined with snow and ice makes for an accident waiting to happen...   USAF via M Morgan

Here's another shot of a winter mishap to prove the point. 44-77292 was a C-47B that ground-looped at Ernest Harmon AFB in 1950---the airplane was BER (Beyond Economical Repair) and she was written off after evaluation. We're guessing that everybody walked away from the crash but the condition of that nose makes us suspect that there was a fair amount of drama in the cockpit for a few seconds. There were no easy days...   USAF via M Morgan

Easy to Overlook

It's often been mentioned, both by ourselves and by others, that we're living in a Golden Age as far as our hobby is concerned. There's no doubt that adage is true, but all the new uber-kits we've seen over the past few years should really be taken with a grain of salt---while it's true that some of them are absolutely amazing in terms of buildability and and detail, that doesn't mean that the older kits available to us should be ignored. Take, for instance, the Academy F-86F, the very same one I mentioned up there in our opening editorial.

Academy isn't the first company that generally comes to mind when experienced modelers think of accurate and easy-to-build model airplane kits, but that's a reputation that isn't entirely correct. While a great many of their offerings leave a little bit to be desired, it can honestly be said that some of their kits are as good as anything out there, requiring a minimum of work to produce an outstanding model airplane. Don't believe me? Well, then; take a look at this:

Here's the beginnings of a Sabre; in this case Lt Col George Ruddell's "MIG MAD MAVIS". What you see here is 100% out of the box in terms of plastic. The natural metal finish is a base coat of Floquil "Old Silver" that's had a few selected panels masked and shot in tones of Testor ModelMaster metallics. The big decals, ie the striping and all markings, came from the appropriate AeroMaster Korean War F-86 sheet, while all of the stencilling is off a 20+ year-old MicroScale F-86 sheet. There was a fair amount of sanding required, due primarily to the inclusion of removable gun panels (why is it that nobody who kits the F-86 ever replicates the gun panel that really matters, the one that provides cockpit access when it's lowered, as an option!) and a four-piece fuselage to allow the kit's engine to be displayed. I'm building most things with a modular approach these days (thanks, Frank) and in this case it made all the decaling a snap. You may or may not agree with the philosophy but I think it's the way to go if all the big pieces fit together reasonably well. I spent hours of fabrication and a small fortune fabricating that sophisticated fixture to hold the fuselage...

Academy has often been accused of missing details and having dimensional issues with their kits. While that's probably a true statement in some instances, their F-86F is pretty darned accurate and is also the only out-of-the-box Korean War Sabre available to us in 1/48th scale. Part of that accuracy may well come from the kit's parentage; it appears to be pretty much a direct copy of the Hasegawa offering in the same scale, except that Hasegawa's kit is distinctly post-conflict in any of its various offerings thanks to the configuration of the scoops provided on the fuselage moldings, among other things. Academy's offering is a straight-up F-86F-30 fuselage coupled to a 6-3 wing, which makes life somewhat easier in terms of ease (and accuracy) of assembly (as long as you want to do an F-86F-30 with a 6-3 wing!).

I really can't say enough good about this kit. While it's true that the details are a bit softer than those of the Hasegawa offering the model is apparently derived from, everything looks pretty good once the pieces are all stuck together. Besides that, the kit provides a nicely-done engine, an engine stand, all three of the pylons associated with the F-86A through F, North American drop tanks, Korean War-era Misawa tanks (which are what I used on the model), and a couple of pilot figures, one standing and one seated, and reasonable reproductions of both types of nose wheels. On the other hand, the kit's decals look good on the sheet but are really thick and don't work especially well when you try to use them on a natural metal finish, but that's why The Deity made aftermarket, isn't it?

As with any model, the kit has a couple of minor issues that really ought to be corrected, and you can only get a hard-winged bird from it---it's molded with a decent representation of the 6-3 wing, while most of the available aftermarket decals are available for slat-winged Sabres, but there are ways around that. Stay tuned...

We LIKE the P-39

That's right; we have to admit to a considerable fondness for that beautiful but flawed little Bell fighter. Part of it is because "flawed" is a relative concept that traces back to an American (and British) combat career that was less than stellar to say the least. The exact same fighter, flying in a different operational environment by aircrew who understood the aircraft's limitations and worked around them, proved to be the mount of choice by a great many Soviet pilots, in who's hands it became an ace-maker. In other words, it ain't what you do, it's how you do it. That notion takes us to the study of a few P-39 photographs, supplied to us by Bobby Rocker. We're taking a somewhat different approach than we normally do this time around in that we'll be concentrating on the pilots and ground crew as well as the machines. Let's take a look.

 Edwin Schneider flew with the 41st FS and was posing proudly with his P-39D when this photo was taken. The airplane is pretty beat up, a condition that was the norm in the SouthWest Pacific, but Edwin is looking pretty dapper. We think (subject to correction) that he's wearing RAF flying boots, most likely snagged in a trade with one of 75 Sqdn RAAF's pilots. We can't say a whole lot about the airplane, but check out the boot on the NLG strut. It's OD canvas and will be found more often than not on operational P-39s based in the SWPAC.   Rocker Collection

This P-39Q was photographed at Torokina during late 1943 and provides us with a nice shot of the opened cockpit door. That starboard door was the one most often used for entrance and egress on the P-39 (which featured a door, complete with roll-down windows, on either side of the fuselage) since the throttle and mixture controls lived immediately forward of the port door. That doesn't sound like much of a deal at first, but when we remember that they could hang up or snag on personal equipment worn by the pilot it becomes pretty important. Oh, and there's that canvas strut cover again. (Check out the prop too; they're completely lacking any sort of colored tips.)   Rocker Collection

Here's something you just don't see every day---an airplane named for a public school! We don't know the meaning of that white circle on the door and can't tell you much of anything about the airplane beyond what we've just said, but the photo is of value because it shows the dark green that Bell used for the landing gear on the P-39 to advantage, as well as illustrating one of those instances when that canvas cover we keep talking about is not in place on the strut. The fuel stains on that gas bag are worth a look too, particularly if you happen to be a modeler.   Rocker Collection

A good day on the ramp! This is what an engine change in a P-39 looks like, just in case you were wondering about that. The notable thing is that this ground crew has proper GSE to perform the chore with, a condition that was far from a given in the Pacific. We particularly like the gun bay detail in this photo; it's really clear and helps to put the installation into an easily-understood perspective. The airplane is a Q-model but it doesn't have it's under-wing gun packs installed---they could easily be removed and left at the home drome if the mission didn't require the extra firepower.   Rocker Collection

And while we're talking about maintenance...  This photo, taken at Bougainville, provides us with another shot of the gun bay. The airplane is a Q-model and this time the guns under the wings are mounted, although in this instance both guns and gun covers have been removed by the armorers for maintenance. The nose-mounted cannon has been removed as well and is being worked on by those guys standing beside the trailer. We happen to like this photo a lot and think the whole deal would make for an excellent diorama if you were so inclined.   Rocker Collection

They Weren't All From the 3rd

Korean War A-26s, that is. The 452nd BG, a former Second World War B-17 outfit that was reconstituted as a reserve light bombardment group during 1947, in the midst of the budding US Air Force's Wing Base Plan, could have been the Poster Child for that notion. Originally a unit on paper only, the group began receiving aircraft (the Douglas A-26 Invader) in mid-1949, in California. With the outbreak of the Korean conflict the 452nd initially transferred to Itazuke AB in Japan and then to Miho AB, their station until a mid-1951 transfer moved them to K-9 (Pusan East) in the RoK. Always a USAF Reserve unit, they stood down in 1952, transferring their aircraft to the 17th BW prior to transition back to the ZI. Their brief tour of active duty saw them in the thick of things with a sortie count of some 15,000 combat missions, nearly half of which were flown at night.

Several months ago we received an e-mail from one of our Australian readers, John Horne, asking if we might be interested in some unpublished Korean War-vintage A-26 photography. The images you're about to view are from John's collection---we're grateful to him and for his kindness in sharing them with us.

"Pasadena Pistol Packer", s/n 44-34580, runs up on the ramp at Miho prior to a strike. Those nape tanks and 5-in HVARs spell major bad news for somebody, while the mission markers aft of her propeller warning stripes prove that it's not her first rodeo. She's well-maintained but equally well-worn; check out the wear on the cowling paintwork if you don't believe us. Assigned to the 729th BS, the "Packer" was lost in combat on 26 February 1951. Tonne via Horne Collection

Sometimes you have a serial number to go with the artwork and sometimes you don't. "The Flying Irishman" is a classic example of the latter. Note the vertically-displaced guns in this photo---the A-26 could have either 6 x.50 calibers displaced horizontally in the nose, 8 x .50 calibers displaced vertically, or the glass bombardier's nose of the C-model, all of which were interchangeable. Once night operations began in earnest for the 452nd there was a distinct preference for the Charlie-model's glass nose. As impressive as all the added firepower of the gun noses might have been, they weren't really necessary to the mission and caused problems with pilot vision during nocturnal operations.   Horne Collection

Here's a shot of 44-34562, "Chili Lilli", on the ramp at Pusan. Those mission markers tell a story, as do the well-worn prop blades and cowlings. She was another bird that didn't survive to be transferred to the 17th; she was shot down in combat on 28 February, 1952.  Horne Collection

Several of the Group's aircraft were around long enough to get salty, and "Myakinazz" was numbered among them. Built as s/n 44-34683 and assigned to the 730th BS, she survived substantial combat with the 452nd and was among those aircraft transferred to the 17th prior to the 452nd's rotation home. This shot may well have been taken during the transfer period---that's a well-dressed (and happy!) bunch of aircrew sitting under her nose!   Perry via Horne Collection

44-35915, "Pop Gun Pete", was a glass-nose assigned to the 429th. While some Air Force units had resident artists who's work was good enough to have appeared on billboards in the civilian world, most of the art found on the 452nd's birds was somewhat primitive, as exemplified by this photo. We sometimes need to be reminded that those guys weren't painting their airplanes for a generation of scale modelers yet-unborn; the reality of the situation could be grim with or without nose art. "Pop Gun Pete" was lost in combat on 21 February, 1951.  Horne Collection

The artwork on "Our Leading Lady" is of a far higher caliber than that found on other aircraft within the group, but all we can tell you abouther was that she carried a "C" nose and was photographed at Pusan in 1951. The striping on her nose gear door is of interest, as is the apparently brand-spanking-new nose wheel tire she's wearing. Anybody out there have a serial number for her?  Perry via Horne Collection

One of the things we've always admired about the USAF is the effort they've put into naming their aircraft. 44-34344, "Sterile Carol, She'll Never Be a Bomma", provides us with a fine example of a clever nickname, although we can honestly say we have no idea what significance the name had to her crew---maybe she was a hack? We do know that she was flying with the 728th when this photo was taken, but we honestly don't know anything more about her.  Perry via Horne Collection

"Maiden's Delight" is another unknown glass-nose---we can't pin down whether or not she was built that way because we don't have her serial number and the 452nd was known to replace hard-nosed Invaders with the more useful (to them) "bomber" nose as they evolved into the nocturnal mission. At any rate, this photo was taken at Pusan in 1951 and provides us with an interesting view of the scallop some of the 452nd's aircraft wore on their cowlings.   Howk via Horne Collection

44-34313, "Junio", sits on the ramp at Pusan early in 1951. We have no idea why she's got that Public Affairs Office collection of ordnance posed in front of her, but it must have meant something to somebody at the time. From our perspective, it's confirmation of some of the weapons the 452nd normally carried during the course of operations---noet that there are no 5-in HVARs to be seen in the shot. "Junio" was lost to ground fire on 27 December, 1951.   Bruch via Horne Collection

"City of Santa Rosa", s/n 44-34324, was assigned to the 729th when this photo was taken. We're going to guess that the photo was taken at Pusan based on that ramp and the background of the photo, and we're going to go way out on a limb and say that she apparently hasn't seen much operational use yet.  Dallas via Horne Collection

Almost half of the 452nd's missions were nocturnal in nature, but a great many of the outfit's aircraft remained in natural metal throughout their time in the theater. This photo illustrates one of their black aircraft to advantage although, once again, we don't know the serial number!   Howk via Horne Collection

Many thanks to John Horne for these remarkable images!

While we don't do it often, it's not entirely unusual for us to make requests for specific material from time to time, and this is one of those instances. We've had a request for photography of Korean-War era 10th TRS A-26s which we can't fill---we have absolutely nothing in our files for that unit during their stay on the peninsula. If any of you have that sort of thing in your collection and would like to share them with us we'd sure like to see them. The address is  .

Under the Radar

MiG Alley, Sabres vs. MiGs Over Korea, Warren Thompson and David McLaren, Specialty Press, 2002, hardbound, 190 pp, heavily illustrated.

Ok, ok; we know what you're going to tell us. The book was recently published and is on a mainstream topic. It isn't obscure, and everybody's seen it, so why run it here in our obscure or lesser-known books department? The answer to that one is simple: Although it's a mainstream sort of book and is one that every enthusiast of USAF history should own, we've seen it on relatively few bookshelves and therefore presume that only a few of you bought it when it was new.

While we don't normally consider "picture" books to be essential references, this one is different. For starters, Warren Thompson is an acknowledged authority on the topic covered, as is David McLaren. Almost all of the photography featured in the book is in color and well-complimented by the text, and a great deal of it is of the "rare" variety since it was taken by aircrew. As a bonus, several appendices are included and they're complete and highly usable as references in their own right. The book is, to use an overworked hack term, a goldmine of information, both photographic and textual, and the volume should be an essential component of any aviation library that leans towards the Korean War.

We haven't seen the book for sale in a retail outlet for a number of years but presume that the magic of the Internet will turn up one should you wish to add it to your collection. That's a quest well worth undertaking; the only negative we have regarding this volume is that it points out once again how badly the scale modeling community needs a decent kit of the F-86A, E, and early F (and preferably in 1/48th scale)! Recommended.

Happy Snaps

Mostly we run photos of older aircraft around here, since that's where our primary interest lies, but every once in a while we receive one of those photos that we just can't say "no" to. This photo is one of those.

Reader Kolin Campbell is one of the lucky ones; a military aviator with an eye for photography. We're not certain of the year this was taken but we know for a fact that F/A-18F is over China Lake, and it looks really cold out there! It's an evocative photo and we're privileged to be able to run it. Many thanks to Kolin for sharing this image (and others, so stay tuned!) with us today.  Kolin Campbell

The Relief Tube

I'm more than certain there's enough information in the "In" basket to allow us a healthy Relief Tube for this issue, but I'm equally certain that it'll be another week before publication if we wait while I go digging for the stuff and we're late already, aren't we?! Yep; I thought you'd see things our way so, until next time, be good to your neighbor! We'll meet again soon.